Physics Access

A Journal of Physics and Emerging Technologies

A Publication of the Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Nigeria.
ISSN Online: 2756-3898
ISSN Print: 2714-500X

Detection Efficiency of a NaI (Tl) Gamma Level Radioactivity Spectrometry System for Measurement of

Biere P Ebibuloami, Ogunremi Ayorinde, Aina J Oluwagbenga, Emumeja e Kugbere, Olaoye M Adeola and Mu
2021-09-06 468 views 3 downloads


Qualitative analysis of radionuclides requires the use of reliable gamma-ray detection system. The NaI (Tl) detector has been widely used and still one of the most used detectors today. It is therefore imperative to validate the reliability of the 5×5 cm^2 NaI (Tl) gamma spectrometry system used in carrying out gamma-ray analysis of soil samples in the Radiation and Health Laboratory, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria. The gamma ray spectrometer is housed in a 5 cm thick cylindrical lead shield. Calibration was executed using standard materials produced under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Resolution and detection limit (LD) of the detector were determined using full width at half the maximum of the energy peak of 137Cs and background signal level of the reference materials respectively. Counting efficiencies of the detector was calculated using energies of 1460keV, 1764 keV and 2615 keV for 40K, 226Ra and 232Th respectively. Secondary samples, RGMIX1 and RGMIX2 were formulated and counted to calculate activity concentrations using the NaI (Tl) detector. Resolution of the detector was calculated to be 7.8% of 137Cs, which is good for a NaI (Tl) detector. The counting efficiency of the detector is seen to depend on the gamma ray energy. The results from this work shows that the detector system is suitable for gamma spectrometry, and will give quality measurements when used for quantitative determination of radionuclides in environmental samples. The efficiency and resolution of the NaI (Tl) detector could also be determined using photon energies obtained from other radioactive sources.


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