Physics Access

A Journal of Physics and Emerging Technologies

A Publication of the Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Nigeria.
ISSN Online: 2756-3898
ISSN Print: 2714-500X

Development of Heat Conduction Equation using a Heat Propagation Model on ERK Solar Dryer Plates

Yayat Ruhiat and Suherman Suherman
2024-05-16 189 views 4 downloads


The heat conduction equation is a combination of first-order and second-order differential equations. Solving first-order differential equations is necessary to examine temperature as a function of time. Meanwhile, solving second-order differential equations is needed to examine temperature as a function of space. The heat flux equation is based on Fourier's law, which shows that temperature is a function of time and space. Understanding heat conduction can be improved by building a heat propagation model on the Solar ERK dryer plate. Analysis of heat propagation on the drying plate used the Finite Difference Approach (FDA) method with explicit and implicit schemes. With an explicit scheme, the FDA method calculates the temperature (T) at a point on the spatial derivative term, when T is at time t, while the implicit scheme calculates T at a point on the space derivative term when T is at time t+?t. Heat propagation at each time change was analyzed by developing a program using the MATLAB 17 application. The results of the analysis show that there are differences in heat propagation between the explicit and implicit schemes. The convergence and stability of calculations in explicit schemes are unstable, causing problems at the time step. Meanwhile, the implicit scheme is carried out simultaneously on all nodes so that convergence and stability are easily maintained, and there are no time-step limitations


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