Physics Access

A Journal of Physics and Emerging Technologies

A Publication of the Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Nigeria.
ISSN Online: 2756-3898
ISSN Print: 2714-500X

Ultra-Thin 2D MoTe2 for Electron Transport Material Application in Perovskite Solar Cell: A Theoreti

Mohammed Adamu, Shuaibu Alhassan, Sadiq G Abdu and Muhammed M Aliyu
2024-05-02 72 views 1 downloads

 

With rapid progress in power conversion efficiencies, perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have shown great potential as next-generation low-cost, efficient solar cell devices. Ultra-thin pure and Br-doped MoTe2 monolayer materials are promising candidates for alternative electron transport material in perovskite solar cell applications. The electronic, and optical properties of these materials were calculated using projector augmented plane wave (PAW) based on popular density-functional theory (DFT). These properties were calculated using Pardew-Burke-Ernzerhof generalized gradient approximation (PBE-GGA). The band structure for the considered materials has been determined using full relativistic spin-orbital coupling (SOC). Our results indicate that pure and Br-doped 2D-MoTe2 were n-type semiconductors and had direct band gap energies of 1.01 and 1.21 eV respectively. The optical properties of the materials such as relative dielectric constant, transmission and reflectivity are presented. Using these properties, the 1-D solar cell capacitance simulator (SCAPS-1D) software was used to design solar cells based on monolayer pure and Br-doped MoTe2 as an electron transport layer (ETL). The maximum efficiencies of these cells are 13.121%, and 24.016% with VOC of 1.067 V and 1.186 V, JSC of 21.678 mA/cm2 and 25.251 mA/cm2, and FF of 56.720% and 80.139% were realized with the pure and Br-doped ETLs respectively. The performance of our solar cells is comparable to traditional Si-based solar cells. The results show how monolayer pure and Br-doped MoTe2 can serve as a suitable ETL material for perovskite solar cells.

 

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