Physics Access

A Journal of Physics and Emerging Technologies

A Publication of the Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Nigeria.
ISSN Online: 2756-3898
ISSN Print: 2714-500X

Analysis of the Occurrence of the First Most Intense Geomagnetic Storm (G4) to Hit the Earth in Sola

Hammed A Lawal and Mukhtar I Muhammed
2023-07-10 170 views 3 downloads


A study of the occurrence of the first intense Geomagnetic storm (G4) to hit the Earth since the start of the Solar Cycle 25 is carried out. This study analyzed the Geomagnetic Storm that occurred between the 28th of October and the 7th of November 2021. The values of the Disturbance storm time (Dst) index of the storm reach -115 nT (G4) which occurred on the 4th of November at 1300UT. The storm is the first intense magnetic storm that occurred in the solar cycle 25. It is also a multiple-step storm with moderate two-step storm occurrence which occurred on the 5th and 6th of November at 1500UT and 0600UT respectively towards the recovery phase after the intense storm. The interplanetary magnetic field (IMF)Bz (nT) during these storm events decreases. Our analysis shows that the rise in solar wind speed, temperature and the enhancement of pressure plays a significant role in the occurrence of the first intense Geomagnetic storm of Solar Cycle 25.


Download this paper