Physics Access

A Journal of Physics and Emerging Technologies

A Publication of the Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Nigeria.
ISSN Online: 2756-3898
ISSN Print: 2714-500X

Comparative Studies of Subsurface Layers’ Competence Evaluation using TOPSIS and AHP Models at Ila

Adeyemo I Adedotun, Akande V Oluwatimilehin, Akinlalu A Adewale and Sanusi S Olumide
2023-11-30 55 views 1 downloads


The incessant collapse of buildings associated with geotechnical incompetence in different parts of Nigeria and the rapid growth of Ilaramokin town near Akure Southwestern Nigeria motivated this work. Two multi-criteria decision analysis approaches were used in integrating geoelectric parameters (topsoil resistivity, weathered layer resistivity and bedrock resistivity), static water level measurements and geology in evaluating the subsurface geotechnical competence of Ilaramokin. Thirty (30) vertical electrical sounding, eighty-six (86) static water level measurements and geological maps were used. The vertical electrical sounding (VES) results delineated three to five geoelectric layers which correspond to four geologic layers namely; the topsoil, weathered layer, partially weathered/fractured basement and presumed bedrock. The resistivity of the geologic layers varies respectively from 48 - 701, 31 - 1065, 14 - 139, 132 - 6582 Ωm, while their thickness varies from 0.4 - 4.1, 1.3 - 11.6 and 4.0 - 20.1 m in the three upper layers respectively. The VES results were presented as topsoil, weathered layer and bedrock resistivity maps. The VES results, static water level measurement and geology were integrated using both the Technique for the Order of Prioritization by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) models to produce geotechnical competence maps. Consistency test and grain size analysis were carried out on 10 soil samples obtained across the area to validate the geotechnical competence model maps produced using both TOPSIS and AHP models. The validation showed that the geotechnical model map produced from the TOPSIS model has a higher percentage (90%) of correlation with consistency tests and grain size analysis compared to that of the AHP model (70%).


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